Mechanism of Protection of Catalysts Supported in Redox Hydrogel Films

Fourmond V, Stapf S, Li H, Buesen D, Birrell J, Rüdiger O, Lubitz W, Schuhmann W, Plumeré N, Léger C. J Am Chem Soc. 2015 Apr 29;137(16):5494-505. doi: 10.1021/jacs.5b01194.

The use of synthetic inorganic complexes as supported catalysts is a key route in energy production and in industrial synthesis. However, their intrinsic oxygen sensitivity is sometimes an issue. Some of us have recently demonstrated that hydrogenases, the fragile but very efficient biological catalysts of H2 oxidation, can be protected from O2 damage upon integration into a film of a specifically designed redox polymer. Catalytic oxidation of H2 produces electrons which reduce oxygen near the film/solution interface, thus providing a self-activated protection from oxygen [Plumeré et al., Nat Chem. 2014, 6, 822-827]. Here, we rationalize this protection mechanism by examining the time-dependent distribution of species in the hydrogenase/polymer film, using measured or estimated values of all relevant parameters and the numerical and analytical solutions of a realistic reaction-diffusion scheme. Our investigation sets the stage for optimizing the design of hydrogenase-polymer films, and for expanding this strategy to other fragile catalysts.